Monday, August 24, 2009

Rhapsody for iPhone

The news broke today. Rhapsody submitted their iPhone app today ("Rhapsody for iPhone").

This was my final project for Rhapsody. I am proud to have been a part of it. We had a very small team (myself, a designer, a developer, and a QA person) and a short time frame.

Rhapsody on iPhone from Jamie on Vimeo.

(Those are my hands in the video!)

This was a fun, challenging project and a great way to end my time at Rhapsody.

Tuesday, August 11, 2009

CMX: See Cocktail, Failure

According to this article in The Guardian,
Sony, Warner, Universal and EMI are reportedly preparing a new digital album format that will include songs, lyrics, videos, liner notes and artwork.

I am skeptical of the chances for success here. The labels are not supposed to work together directly, because of collusion problems (though that's never stopped them). The labels have historically not done well developing their own in-house technologies.

As I said previously, there's nothing here that cannot already be accomplished with existing technology, and one can expect the new files containing video, lyrics, and other assets to cost more.

The label's plan raises a number of questions for me, though:
  • What audio format? It needs to be MP3. I'm assuming CMX is going to be a "wrapper" format that allows a bunch of assets to be collected together. This would theoretically allow any audio format to be contained.
  • Is there DRM? Given who's involved in the creation of this asset, DRM seems likely.
  • Is there a license fee? If the labels want wide adoption, the format needs to be free and unlicensed.
  • Can anyone create these files? If I can't make my own on my computer for the CDs I've ripped, I'm not interested. A key for wide success is the ability for all labels (and users) to create something like this for their back catalog, not just a handful of new releases.
  • What players (portable and otherwise) support these files? This is the big one. If nobody has display capability for these files, it's all but dead already. As the article notes, it's pretty clear Apple won't support them - and Apple represents 80% or so of the MP3 player market. Unless the labels have been working with the top MP3 player manufacturers for a year and/or unless the format is trivial to implement (unlikely), there won't be portables that support this format until next year.
  • Is the file "the album" or is the file something referenced by the tracks on the album? For the last 10+ years, people have been breaking the album up and focusing on track-based experiences. I don't see massive demand for a return to a monolithic album unit. If I were working on this, I'd make CMX or Cocktail an additional file type rather than making it "the thing that was played".
I'm intrigued to see what CMX and Cocktail end up being. I still believe a simple format based on open standards is the right tech solution.

The right content solution is limited interactivity with high-quality content - correct lyrics, detailed liner notes, and high resolution art. Done properly, an open approach would easily allow inclusion of video and applications/EXEs. Focus on the content and usability, not animations, whizzy menus, etc. In other words, do exactly the opposite of DVD menus!

Friday, August 07, 2009

Laid Off: The Rhapsody Ends

Yesterday I was laid off from my job at Rhapsody. I am sad about leaving - I have a long, strong affiliation with Rhapsody. But I'm also excited about new opportunities, both music-related and non-music-related.

I will miss working with the people there - some of the smartest, hardest-working folks I've ever known. They have an unflagging, inspiring passion for music. I know things are in good hands there.

I am currently looking for a new job - my CV and references are available on request.

For now, I'm just going to enjoy my coffee, watch the sun rise, and think about what to do next.

Monday, August 03, 2009

Cocktail: Digital Album Art Failure In The Making

The Internet has been rife with rumors and news of Apple's supposed partnership with the labels and their plans to launch a new "digital album art" format/system/technology. The code name is "Cocktail".

I agree with the concept - digital downloads should have a rich art experience, especially given there's no cost to duplicate. There's just the cost of creation. At a minimum it should be a true digital equivalent of the hard copy, where digital's features (duplication, searching, scaling, etc.) are used to offset its limitations (intangibility)

My plan would look something like this:
  • Includes high resolution versions of the original front and back album cover. No digital re-creations. No cop-outs. Get the rights, labels. You are "intellectual property experts" now. Act like it. Do the work.
  • Includes lyrics, at least if the original album did. They're already out there for people to find. Make it easy, and don't think you can nickel-and-dime people on this
  • Includes as detailed credits as possible for the album - producer, engineer, side men, studio, etc.
  • It's free when you buy the album
  • It is an open standard built on other open standards. No proprietary technology, no license fees. It should be possible for anyone and everyone to build something like this for free.
  • The technology is simple - so there won't be bugs in people's album art.
  • Requires no install of a plug-in or application. If you have a web browser, it should work.
  • It works on a broad range of devices, not just the iPod. There should be a way for it to render on a TV screen, a computer monitor, anywhere. And it should be controllable with a simple remote
  • No DRM
  • Users can back up/copy/save as needed
  • Users can print hard copies of elements
In other words, it looks a lot like web pages or a PDF.

Several years ago, one of the major labels passed through Rhapsody and were showing several technologies they were hoping to get Rhapsody and other music services to adopt. They were even contemplating making adoption mandatory for their contracts. One of the things they showed was a "digital album art package" demonstration.

Despite the fact this label had just spent the bulk of the meeting talking about how they wanted to decrease Apple's hold on the music business, they showed their demo on an iPod.

They showed something that was effectively a tiny Flash movie/application, with some animation and a few "scenes". On the iPod's tiny screen it was interesting, but also ridiculous.

Some of the things I noted at the time:
  • The labels planned to charge more for the "art". "It costs us money to develop this", they said. "Plus it's added value, and people will pay".
  • No lyrics were included. "We have to pay mechanical royalties on that, and we don't want the extra cost. Plus look how small the screen is."
  • No credits for the album were included.
  • It had taken 1-3 weeks to build each of the demos. While they were confident they could either increase the speed of the process or farm it out to other developers/make it the artists' problem, they said they only had a few of these done.
  • They had no plans to build art for their back catalog. Given the above reasons, they indicated they would only build this for select albums moving forward.
  • The technology only worked on the iPod (at the time) and had clearly been designed with the iPod in mind. So it would only be of use to iPod owners and clearly favored the iPod infrastructure.
  • They were the only label behind this. They had plans to establish a standard and encourage other labels to adopt it.
You couldn't do anything with their demo other than "drive around" a bit, and after about a minute of playing around with it, I was uninterested. I couldn't imagine it captivating anyone. The other items above insured it wasn't going to go anywhere.

I don't know if "Cocktail" is close to this. But knowing how slow the music business moves, and the motivations of the people behind it, I suspect it actually is closer to what I've described above than not.

Which means calling it "Cocktail" is perfect - you think it's a good idea at the time, but the next morning your head hurts and you're wondering why you were so stupid last night, why you hurt yourself.

If Apple is also working on a tablet PC/giant iPod/Netbook as has also been speculated, they're doing "Cocktail" for one reason - to help sell new Apple hardware. This new "feature" will appear on a handful of major releases at the end of 2009 and then go the way of CD-I and other formats the industry never got behind (Quad! DVD-A! HDCD! SACD!).

The sad part is Apple and iTunes already offer everything one needs - it is possible to embed multiple JPEGs of nearly any size in MP3 and AAC files. All you'd need to do as the label is supply some high-resolution images, and you could quickly and easily scan your entire back catalog. All you'd need to do as the hardware manufacturer is allow the user to page through those images - most devices can handle this at some level.

And all you'd need to do as the user is read and enjoy.